Existentialism is a philosophical movement that views human existence as having a set of underlying themes and characteristics, such as anxiety, dread, freedom, awareness of death, and consciousness of existing. Existentialism is more a trend or tendency that can be found throughout the history of philosophy. Existentialism is the belief that your actions are not predetermined and that you are free of fate and have free will. More Important Art. Useful Resources on Existentialism in Modern Art. The primary virtue of existencialism is authenticity. Existentialism is a term applied to the work of a number of philosophers since the 19th century who, despite large differences in their positions, generally focused on the condition of human existence, and an individual’s emotions, actions, responsibilities, and … View all Important Art. Existentialism. Existentialism is hostile towards abstract theories or systems that propose to describe all of the intricacies and difficulties of human life through more-or-less simplistic formulas. Existentialism is wrong. Existentialism cautioned that the battle to retain our sense of self was a constant one, heroic and tragic, and it was urgently necessary if we were not to become little different than the objects that surround us. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice.It is the view that humans define their own meaning in life, and try to make rational decisions despite existing in an irrational universe.It focuses on the question of human existence, and the feeling that there is no purpose or explanation at the core of existence. The notion is that humans exist first and then each individual spends a lifetime changing their essence or nature. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EXISTENTIALISM 1. Man is a conscious subject, rather than a thing to be predicted or manipulated; he exists as a conscious being, and not in accordance with any definition, essence, generalization, or system. Characteristics of Existentialism. A central proposition of Existentialism is that existence precedes essence, which means that the most important consideration for individuals is that they are individuals rather than … Existentialism is a catch-all term for those philosophers who consider the nature of the human condition as a key philosophical problem and who share the view that this problem is best addressed through ontology. Because existentialism is treated as a 'lived' philosophy that is understood and explored through how one lives one's life rather than a 'system' that must be studied from books, it is not unexpected that much existentialist thought can be found in literary form (novels, plays) and not just in the traditional philosophical treatises. Existentialism in Literature | Meaning & Characteristics - Existentialism is a movement of 20th-century literature that focuses on the individual and his or her relationship with the universe or God. This is a difficult question to answer, because existentialism is such a broad movement that stretches from the 19th -2 0th centuries. Existentialism – A Definition Existentialism in the broader sense is a 20th century philosophy that is centered upon the analysis of existence and of the way humans find themselves existing in the world. Existentialism. . Six Basic Themes of Existentialism. Essence to be kept after Existence The term existentialism comes out of the description that it is only a person’s being along with his personal and specific life happenings for which this life has got a meaning. Existentialism is also an outlook, or a perspective, on life that pursues the question of the meaning of life or the meaning of existence. First, there is the basic existentialist standpoint, that existence precedes essence, has primacy over essence.