Many hydrocarbons are found in plants, animals, and their fossils; other hydrocarbons have been prepared in the laboratory. 15.5 Uses of Hydrocarbons Sources of hydrocarbons Crude oil is the main source of hydrocarbons, it is found trapped in layers beneath the surface of the earth.Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons – alkanes, cycloalkanes and aromatic compounds.. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Point: Hydrocarbons like oil and gas have done nothing but cause chaos! Since cracking converts larger hydrocarbons into smaller hydrocarbons, … Ppt details fractional distillation and the uses for each fraction. They are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas. It also shows the trends in the fractions. the use of hydrocarbons (alkanes) depends on the number of carbon atoms number of carbon atoms form use 1-4 (g) heating and cooking fuel 5 … Without them, it would not be easy for us to work especially with the use of machines, because many hydrocarbon derivatives Hydrocarbons with the same formula, including alkanes, can have different structures. Yes, there are many uses of Hydrocarbons that makes them very important in our today's civilization. 3. A site’s return to its original state following an oil spill does not therefore necessarily imply a total absence of hydrocarbons … Nonetheless, hydrocarbons never miss a chance to play a significant role in our daily life. It shows a demonstration practical that can be used to show the products of combustion of alkanes. The larger fraction of hydrocarbon is converted to gas by heating, then passed over a catalyst of mixed silicon dioxide and aluminum oxide at about 600-700 C. The hydrocarbons are the most broadly used organic compounds known, and are quite literally the driving force of western civilization. Hydrocarbons Physical Properties and their Relevance to Utilisation 11 Physical properties of organic liquids 1. Besides the uses mentioned They also reduce the photosynthetic ability Hydrocarbon: An organic chemical compound composed exclusively of hydrogen and carbon atoms. Smaller hydrocarbons are more useful as fuels than larger hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen. Uses of Aromatic Hydrocarbons The use of aromatic hydrocarbons is common in both biological and synthetic processes. : 620 Hydrocarbons are examples of group 14 hydrides.Hydrocarbons from which one hydrogen atom has been removed are functional groups called hydrocarbyls. Distinguish between straight-chain alkaneand branched-chain alkane. On the other hand Paraffin - The wax that we use for a variety of industries, everything from candle making and food preservation to medical and industrial uses, contains hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are compounds made out of Carbon and Hydrogen atoms ONLY! We use hydrocarbons every day, mainly as fuels, such as natural gas, acetylene, propane, butane, and Uses Aromatic hydrocarbons are everywhere, literally. Hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon fuels (gas, liquid, and solid) are one of the Earth's most important energy resources. Some numerous uses of aromatic hydrocarbons are listed below. Hydrocarbons are compounds which contain hydrogen and carbon only. They occur naturally in compounds like DNA and within some amino acids that make up proteins. Please have a look at the example below. Some common hydrocarbons and their uses: Name Uses Methane It is used as a fuel in electrical generation. The names of hydrocarbons with single bonds end in “-ane,” those with double bonds end in “-ene,” and those with triple bonds end in “-yne”. Let’s explore the same under the following points: These are used as a combustible fuel source, eg: Methane which is the Cracking is a process to break down large chain hydrocarbons to smaller chain hydrocarbons, with the help of heat and catalyst. Aliphatic hydrocarbons Because of the interlocking network of the chemical industry, it will be helpful to return briefly to the original raw materials.Earlier the aromatic group of organic chemicals was described; contrasted with these are the aliphatics, of which a number … All of these substances contribute to the greenhouse effect, and the depletion of the ozone layer. Common Hydrocarbons and Their Uses Name Number of Carbon Atoms Uses Methane 1 Fuel in electrical generation. 24.1 ALKANES (PARAFFINS) Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are molecules of carbon hydrogen and oxygen that have different chemical and physical properties depending on the structure of their bonding. z list various uses of hydrocarbons; and z explain the term carcinogenicity and Toxicity. Uses of Aromatic Hydrocarbons In several industries, aromatic hydrocarbons have wide applications. Suitable for C1. Hydrocarbons Objectives Describe the bonding in hydrocarbons. In National 4 Chemistry learn more about different groups of hydrocarbons. Besides being the fuel for gas grills, propane has other uses in households. The presence of these hydrocarbons in the marine environment is not negligible, even if they are not comparable with the concentrations reached when an oil spill occurs. Uses of Hydrocarbons There’s not a single use of hydrocarbons, multiple uses of hydrocarbons are known. Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbons are compounds comprised exclusively of carbon and hydrogen and they are by far the dominant components of crude oil, processed petroleum hydrocarbons (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, fuel oil, and The green pigment found in plants is commonly known as chlorophyll, consisting of aromatic hydrocarbons, and it is essential in the food production process in plants. Some numerous uses of aromatic hydrocarbons are given below. For example, for model glues, toluene is used as solvent while naphthalene is used as mothballs. Hydrocarbons are the main component of crude oil, natural gases, and most pesticides. The fuels that we use as sources of energy like CNG and LPG are nothing but a mixture of hydrocarbons only. Physical properties of organic liquids 1.1 Introduction … Due to carbon’s unique bonding patterns, hydrocarbons can have single, double, or triple bonds between the carbon atoms. Produces least about of carbon dioxide. The green pigment found in plants, more These petrochemicals are simply hydrocarbons of different chemical compositions. Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. Counter-Point : Increased energy use from hydrocarbons has actually been strongly connected to a … The cracking produces a mixture of alkanes and alkenes. Compound 1 is a hydrocarbon, because it consists of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. Hydrocarbon gas is … Distinguish between straight-chain alkaneand branched-chain alkane. Produces less amount of carbon dioxide. They are … The greatest amounts of hydrocarbons are used as fuel for combustion, particularly in heating and motor fuel applications. In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. These bonds may be single, multiple or hexagonal, and determine whether the hydrocarbon is a liquid or gas at any given temperature. Uses of hydrocarbons Review (Part 1) Reactions of alkenes Alcohols Properties and combustion of alcohols Carboxylic acids Natural and addition polymers Condensation polymers Review (Part 2) … Learn the different forms of these simple, yet varied, organic compounds. Title PowerPoint Presentation - 2.1 Classes of Hydrocarbons Author Nick Turro Last modified by Thomas Poon Created Date 10/28/2003 5:33:44 PM Document presentation format On-screen Show Company Columbia University Found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas these substances contribute to greenhouse... Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon atoms of combustion of and... They are found in plants, animals, and their fossils ; hydrocarbons. Consists of only hydrogen and carbon and LPG are nothing but a mixture hydrocarbons! 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