[12] Nutrient content varies across guava cultivars. [6], Guavas are cultivated in many tropical and subtropical countries. No. In east Asia, guava is commonly eaten with sweet and sour dried plum powder mixtures. Pest Management and Economic Zoology. How to Treat Fruit Flies in Guavas. Guava is a popular snack in Taiwan, sold on many street corners and night markets during hot weather, accompanied by packets of dried plum powder mixed with sugar and salt for dipping. It is an introduced polyphagous pest of vegetables, fruit trees, ornamentals and shade trees. GUAVA WILT 3. Guava will grow optimally between 23 and 28°C (73–82°F) but established trees can tolerate short periods at -3 to -2°C (27-28°F) although temperatures below 15°C (60°F) can cause the tree to cease producing fruit. In 2019, world production of guavas was 55 million tonnes, led by India with 45% of the total (table). Guava seed oil, which may be used for culinary or cosmetics products, is a source of beta carotene, vitamin A, vitamin C, copper, zinc and selenium,[citation needed] and is particularly rich in linoleic acid. Varying between species, the skin can be any thickness, is usually green before maturity, but may be yellow, maroon, or green when ripe. are the major pests in guava. Remove infested fruits and spray plants with [email protected] in 100Ltr of water/ 1 acre before the … [2] Guavas also grow in southwestern Europe, specifically the Costa del Sol on Málaga, (Spain) and Greece where guavas have been commercially grown since the middle of the 20th century and they proliferate as cultivars. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Guava Pests PPT Mites, like Pronematus pruni and Tydeus munsteri, are known to be crop pests of the apple guava (P. guajava) and perhaps other species. A drink may be made from an infusion of guava fruits and leaves, which in Brazil is called chá-de-goiabeira, i.e., "tea" of guava tree leaves, considered medicinal. Guava wood is used for meat smoking in Hawaii, and is used at barbecue competitions across the United States. Pest Control Management of Guava Plants: The fruit fly, mealy bug, scale insects, etc. The copious white, waxy flocculent material secreted by all the stages of the pest is readily spread by wind and thus cause public nuisance. It damages the tender shoots. The striped mealybug, Ferrista virgata (Ckll.) Eggs are laid in a spiraling pattern (concentric circles) on the undersurface of leaves. Distribution and status [5], Guava was adopted as a crop in subtropical and tropical Asia, the southern United States (from Tennessee and North Carolina south, as well as the west and Hawaii), tropical Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania. Because of its high level of pectin, guavas are extensively used to make candies, preserves, jellies, jams, and marmalades (such as Brazilian goiabada and Colombian and Venezuelan bocadillo), and as a marmalade jam served on toast.[2]. Guava (/ ˈ ɡ w ɑː v ə /) is a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions. The infested shoots dry up which can be located from a distance by the presence of fine black growth on the plant leaves. It lays its eggs on the fruit surface and the caterpillar burrows into the fruit. In severe infestation, they cause curling and deformation of young leaves. In severe cases, the foliage appears black due to heavy infection. It has been adapted in many European and Asian languages, having a similar form. In the Philippines, ripe guava is used in cooking sinigang. Sudden changes may stress plants and attract fruit flies and other pests. [8][9] By contrast, several guava species have become rare due to habitat destruction and at least one (Jamaican guava, P. dumetorum), is already extinct. Guava wilt Disease symptoms: First symptoms start with the onset of monsoon. Integrated pest management Life cycle Bander worm Carmenta theobromae ABSTRACT In 2006, the presence of a pest in guava was detected for the first time in the Province of Velez, Santander, Colombia, known as the bander worm. Guava leaves contain both carotenoids and polyphenols like (+)-gallocatechin and leucocyanidin. Management: Field sanitation. Mealybug is a common pest of many kinds of cereal and fruits including guava. Composition of fruit fly species in Pune region of Maharashtra and losses caused to guava crop in the region. The infested shoots dry up which can be located from a distance by the presence of fine … In 2006, a new limiting pest in guava was reported in the provincia de Vélez, Santander, Colombia, known as the borer worm.There is no knowledge of the biology of this pest so far. Other major producers were China and Thailand.[11]. Low in calories per typical serving, and with few essential nutrients, a single common guava (P. guajava) fruit contains 257% of the Daily Value (DV) for vitamin C (table). Symptoms: Sooty mould proliferates in abundance on the foliage of guava, subsisting on the honeydew secreted by scale insects, aphids, white flies and mealy bugs. For more detailed information, click the links below : Fruit borer: Congethes (=Dichocrocis) punctiferalis Tea mosquito bug: Helopeltis antonii Fruit borers: Deudorix (Virachola) isocrates Green Scale: Coccus viridis Fruit borer: Rapala varuna Tailed mealy bug: Ferrisa virgata Guava fruit fly: Bactrocera diversus Spiraling … [4] Guavas were introduced to Florida, US in the 19th century[2] and are grown there as far north as Sarasota, Chipley, Waldo and Fort Pierce. Insect Pests. Guavas are typical Myrtoideae, with tough dark leaves that are opposite, simple, elliptic to ovate and 5–15 centimetres (2.0–5.9 in) long. In Hawaii, strawberry guava (P. littorale) has become an aggressive invasive species threatening extinction to more than 100 other plant species. Ganesh Bhat U, 1989. Although, this pest is found in several parts of India like Bihar, Orissa, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, it is more common and destructive on guava … Insect pests 2. In many countries, guava is eaten raw, typically cut into quarters or eaten like an apple; it is also eaten with a pinch of salt and pepper, cayenne powder or a mix of spices (masala). It is widely distributed in almost all countries due to rapid dispersal and adaptability. Research on the biology of this pest is scarce and no natural enemies have been registered. Spray Fish oil rosin soap (FORS) 25g/L or NSKE 5% or neem oil 0.03% 1ml/l or phosalone 35 EC 3 L or triazophos 40 EC 3 L or  acephate 75 SP 1.5 kg in 1500 -2000 L per ha., two to three times based on the incidence. Fruit infested with fly larvae are usually … The outer skin may be rough, often with a bitter taste, or soft and sweet. [17] This parasitism has led to millions in economic losses for nations in Central America. The pulp inside may be sweet or sour and off-white ("white" guavas) to deep pink ("red" guavas). The list … Guava Shoot Borer (Microcolona technographa): It is a serious pest in the guava nursery. The fruit is cultivated and favored by humans, and many other animals such as birds consume it, readily dispersing the seeds in their droppings. Guavas are rich in dietary fiber and vitamin C, with moderate levels of folic acid (nutrition table). Subsequently, premature shedding and defoliation. Pulque de guava is a popular alcoholic beverage in these regions. Appearance of light yellow foliage with loss of turgidity and epinasty. The larvae of these flies then consume the fruit until they can proceed into the pupa stage. Spiraling whitefly: Aleurodicus dispersus (Aleyrodidae: Hemiptera). The insect pest problems are the main constraint in the production and productivity of guava. A healthy garden is the best … PERSENTATION ON DISEASES OF GUAVA PRESENTED BY SUSHEEL KUMAR Id. The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. The list includes bark-eating caterpillar, fruit fly and scale insect. These are bark eating-caterpillar ( Indarbela spp. Fruit Insect Pests of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) and Mango (Mangifera indica L.) and their Management in Sudan: A Historic Review The flowers are white, with five petals and numerous stamens. Among the more important are guava whitefly, red-banded thrips, guava fruit moth, Caribbean fruit fly, mealybugs and several species of scales. [16], Guavas are one of the most common hosts for fruit flies like A. suspensa, which lay their eggs in overripe or spoiled guavas. Guava diseases ppt 1. Psidium species are eaten by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera, mainly moths like the Ello Sphinx (Erinnyis ello), Eupseudosoma aberrans, E. involutum, and Hypercompe icasia. Management: … Caribbean fruit fly (Anastrepha suspensa): The Caribbean fruit fly is the most important pest of guava in Florida. [2] Although related species may also be called guavas, they belong to other species or genera, such as the pineapple guava, Feijoa sellowiana. Guava trees produce sweet-smelling fruits with an edible rind and creamy white, yellow or pink flesh. ), fruit fly ( Bactrocera spp.) [2] They have a pronounced and typical fragrance, similar to lemon rind but less sharp. [4] Mature trees of most species are fairly cold-hardy and can survive temperatures slightly colder than 25 °F (−4 °C) for short periods of time, but younger plants will likely freeze to the ground. Holes on the trunk, Wood dust and faecal matter hanging in the form of … and scale insect ( Chloropulvinaria psidii ). In 2018, India was the largest producer of guavas, with 45% of the world total. The insect affects fruit quality and general plant vigor. About 80 species of insect pests have been recorded on guava, but only few of them had been identified as pest of regular occurrence and causing serious damage. The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. The infestation of the pest may be identified by the presence of irregular tunnels and patches covered with silken web consisting of excreta and chewed up wood particles on the shoots, branches, stem and main trunk. Eyes are dark reddish brown. Pests of Guava :: Major Pests :: Spiraling whitefly, 6. The infested shoots dry up which can be located from a distance by the presence of fine black growth on the leaves. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (), native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. [15], The composition of fatty acids in guava seed oil is presented in the following table:[citation needed], Since the 1950s, guavas – particularly the leaves – have been studied for their constituents, potential biological properties and history in folk medicine. Guava Shoot Borer (Microcolona technographa) It is a serious pest in the Guava nursery and it damages the tender shoots. In Mexico and other Latin American countries, the popular beverage agua fresca is often made with guava. has become a very serious pest of guava in India. It is an introduced polyphagous pest of vegetables, fruit trees, ornamentals and shade trees. Weeds B. Pest of Regional Significance 1. Agro-ecosystem Analysis (AESA) based Integrated Pest Management (IPM) A. AESA B. Guava moth (Coscinoptycha improbana) is a small black and white speckled moth. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Guava Pests PPT. It is native of the Caribbean Islands and Central America. Adults and nymphs congregate heavily on the lower surface of leaf, suck the sap and cause pre-mature leaf drop, chlorosis, yellow speckling, crinkling and curling. Among the more important are guava whitefly, red-banded thrips, guava fruit moth, Caribbean fruit fly, mealybugs and several species of scales. Approximately 80 insect pests have been reported on guava, but only few of them are pests of regular occurrence and causing significant economic loss. In Cuba and Mexico, the leaves are used in barbecues. It is widely distributed in almost all countries due to rapid dispersal and adaptability. Fore wings are with three characteristic spots. The Female mealy bug lays up to 350 to 500 orange-colored eggs within a ” loose cottony terminal ovisac”. They secrete honey dew like substance and Sooty, black mould is developed on affected parts. Subsequently, premature shedding and defoliation. It damages the tender shoots. Guava fruits,[10] usually 4 to 12 centimetres (1.6 to 4.7 in) long, are round or oval depending on the species. 3rd YEAR VEG. Adults are larger than many of the whitefly species and white in colour with waxy coating on the body. Guava whiteflies feed on guava leaves and, along with the green shield scale and weevils (in particular Anthonomus irroratus), require chemical pest control for guava grown commercially in Florida. This article contained a detailed guide on the distribution, symptoms, host range, and management of pests of guava. Plants, at a later stage, show unthriftyness. Sarwar (2006) reported mealy bugs, stink bug, red-banded thrips, guava moth, guava whitefly and scale insect are major insect pests of guava in Pakistan. Young trees that experience temperatures below about 30 degrees F. (-1 C.) may be damaged or could die. Distribution: It is a common pest of guava and is widely distributed all over the Indian sub­continent. Within the pest complex found in guava orchards in the province of Vélez, the guava fruit fly Anastrepha striata (Schiner, 1868) and the guava weevil Conotrachelus psidii (Marshall, 1922) (Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario ICA, 2012) are of great importance. The guava is subjected to attack by several kinds of pests and about 80 species of insects have been recorded on guava, but only a few of them have been recognized as a pest of regular occurrence and causing significant damage. The standard plant spacing is 6 m. x 6 m. accommodating 112 plants/acre. Use yellow sticky traps at 15/ha to attract and kill the adults, Encourage the activity of predators such as. Basic requirements Guava is mainly grown in the tropics and will tolerate temperatures between 15 and 45°C (59–113°F). Some of the twigs become bare and fail to bring forth new leaves or flowers and eventually dry up. In India the disease was first recorded near Allahabad in 1935 . The insect pest problems are the main constraint in the production and productivity of guava. Guava is a warm weather tree, suited to zones 9b through 11. However in India, the major pests are polyphagous pest like tea mosquito bug, fruit flies, fruit borers, bark eating caterpillars mealy bug and introduced pest namely spiraling white fly. The fruit is also often included in fruit salads. A guide to Guava plant diseases and pests..             SCIENCE 2. Bionomics Pest Control in Guava Cultivation. Distribution: It is a common pest of guava and is widely distributed all over the Indian sub­continent. The entire fruit is a key ingredient in punch, and the juice is often used in culinary sauces (hot or cold), ales, candies, dried snacks, fruit bars, and desserts, or dipped in chamoy. For other uses, see, “Guava Fruits (Taste, Juice, And Benefits)” retrieved on 24/07/2020 retrieved from, "Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus", "Strawberry guava's hold has proven devastating", "Leveling the Playing Field in Hawai'i's Native Forests", https://www.guavafacts.com/guava-fruits-taste-and-benefits/, "Caracterização dos óleos de algumas sementes de frutas como aproveitamento de resíduos industriais", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guava&oldid=997344014, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 02:17. Adult and nymphs, both suck the sap thus weaken the plant. Guava wilt is a dramatic and devastating disease of plants that usually becomes noticeable with the onset of the rainy season. Plants, at a later stage, show unthriftyness. Organic pest control is less expensive than buying and applying pesticides, and it's safer for your garden, your family, the nature and the environment. 18 (1/2), 290-294. The affected leaves curl and OCCURRENCE AND IMPORTANCE Wilt is a pernicious disease of guava in India. Guava wilt Disease symptoms: First symptoms start with the onset of monsoon. The easiest way to prevent insect damage in your garden is to discourage them from coming in the first place. The most frequently eaten species, and the one often simply referred to as "the guava", is the apple guava (Psidium guajava). Learn about the botany of guava here and health benefits here Thrips (Red banded thrips) Thrips are common pests of many plants including guava. Total life cycle is completed in 40-50 days. cattleianum) has only 39% of the vitamin C in common varieties, its content in a 100 gram serving (90 mg) still provides 100% of the DV.[13]. Red-banded thrips are another pest that feeds on guava, resulting in defoliation and browning of the fruit. Detailed life history and effective control measures for most of these pests still remain to be worked out. Species – tetraonis . Installation of yellow sticky traps. The guava is subject to attack by several kinds of insects. Guava juice is popular in many countries. The guava is subject to attack by several kinds of insects. Whiteflies, particularly Bemisia whiteflies, are a minor pest of guava trees and usually don’t require treatment to control their populations. The seeds in the central pulp vary in number and hardness, depending on species. Appearance of light yellow foliage with loss of turgidity and epinasty. It is native of the Caribbean Islands and Central America. Pest Affect Control; Fruit fly: An extremely scary pest to destroy guava that sucks fruits, rots them that leads to dropping. [14] As some of these phytochemicals produce the fruit skin and flesh color, guavas that are red-orange tend to have more polyphenol and carotenoid content than yellow-green ones. Avoid using synthetic pyrethroids and extending crop growth. When grown from seed, guava trees can bear fruit in two years, and can continue to do so for forty years.[2]. [2] The bacterium Erwinia psidii causes rot diseases of the apple guava. ... Guava Trees Guava Pest Control: Common Insects That Attack Guava Plants. Learn about the botany of guava here and health benefits here Thrips (Red banded thrips) Thrips are common pests of many plants including guava. Guava (/ˈɡwɑːvə/)[1] is a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions. Protein bait spray and some pesticides, such as dimethoate, may cause leaf burn in guava and other tropical trees. Weeds II. 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