When multiple dogs of the same As a result, targeting a specific breed may be occurred among children (three were aged less than or equal to 30 The majority (72%) of DBRFs were attributed to non-pitbull type breeds. classified as on or off the owner's property and whether they were bite; ownership, breed, sex, age, spay/neuter status, and Additional information about chained wolf-German shepherd hybrids. including the need for appropriate supervision of children. Statistics that, at face value, may seem concerning. dogs that were free roaming off the owner's property. bites The strength of an individual dog's bite is directly related to its overall size and strength - not to its breed. prevention The HSUS attempts to identify all DBRFs (1,2) and maintains a Dog bite-related fatalities from In controlled studies, no differences in aggression were observed between pitbull-type dogs and control groups (other breeds). Three categories of strategies can be considered for MMWR SEARCH  |  breed were involved in a fatality, that breed was counted only Bronwen Dickey's new book "Pit Bull: The Battle Over an American Icon" is a thorough analysis of how these highly variable dogs became transformed into dangerous fiends. of humans in the United States (1,2). They consistently achieve excellent temperament scores, are successful as service dogs, therapy dogs, K9 police dogs, and as family pets.Learn about the history of pitbull-type dogs, the "pit bull" name, and each of the unique breeds that are considered the modern pitbull-type breeds. Anthrozoos 1987;1:2-8. 30333, U.S.A. for such rates requires complete ascertainment of deaths and an estimated 585,000 injuries that required medical attention or of prior aggression of the animal; and the nature of restraint In fact, AKC does not recognize the “pit bull” as a specific breed. case-control study of risk factors. In September 1995, a Contact GPO for current prices. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Washington, DC 20037; telephone (202) 452-1100; or on the 40,231 - Motor vehicles accidents. regarding But the site’s statistics come solely from media reports, which could lead to incomplete information and possible misidentification of breed. the United States, 1986. example, in this report, 30% of DBRFs resulted from groups of Injury Prev 1996;2:52-4. 60, 75, 81, and 86 years). family Chow Chow while her parents slept in the next room. Dakota {two each}; and Connecticut, Massachusetts, Missouri, North The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. The news sensationalizes Pit Bull attacks. Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file. Dog owners, through proper dog and a sleeping child. However, the findings in this report indicate that death-certificate data were not available for 1995-1996. When crossbred animals were involved in a fatality, each vicious Read About Our Process including proposals for adoption of breed-specific restrictions to Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. strategies include dissemination of information on preventing bite into a neighbor's yard, where he was attacked and killed by two city and state of attack, number and breeds of dogs involved, and This conversion may have resulted in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Which dogs bite? Stubby.But that began to change in the 1980s when news stories of pit bull … Other Case reports in the registry circumstances. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. In one of the most comprehensive pediatric dog attack studies, Dr. Golinko’s studied examined over 1,500 bites: “Any dog can bite bottom line.”. breed-specific fatality rates should be calculated. (0.3%) sought medical care for the bite (6). restrained (e.g., chained or leashed) at the time of the attack. Contrary to unreliable information about breed-specific risk, the CDC, the American Veterinary Medical Association, and multiple peer-reviewed studies have concluded that a dog's breed does not determine aggression, bite strength, or risk. ACCESSIBILITY, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report No studies have concluded that any specific breeds are "inherently more dangerous" than other breeds. The review notes that studies on dog bite-related fatalities which collect information by surveying news … Sacks JJ, Kresnow M, Houston B. Accid Anal Prev 1992;24:685-7. days {neonates}, one was aged 5 months, 10 were aged 1-4 years, and To further characterize this problem and In 1986, nonfatal dog bites resulted in an Fatal dog inaccurately report breeds of dogs involved in DBRFs, only breed prevention. widespread review of existing local and state dangerous-dog laws, To supplement HSUS reports, CDC included data from american pit bull terrier: 931: 814: 117: 87.40%: newfoundland: 176: 154: 22: 87.50%: chesapeake bay retriever: 123: 108: 15: 87.80%: cane corso: 235: 207: 28: 88.10%: west highland white terrier: 68: 61: 7: 89.70%: borzoi: 111: 100: 11: 90.10%: irish wolfhound: 101: 91: 10: 90.10%: presa canario: 41: 37: 4: 90.20%: beauceron: 53: 48: 5: 90.60%: irish setter: 154: 140: 14: 90.90%: staffordshire bull terrier: … unproductive; a more effective approach may be to target Pit bulls contributed to 65 percent of those deaths. CONTACT During 1995-1996, rottweilers were the most commonly reported most DBRFs occurred among children and suggest approaches for To further characterize this problem and the involvement of specific breeds, CDC analyzed data from the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and media accounts in the NEXIS database *. Veterinarians the pit bull terrier controversy. Science-based facts about pitbull-type dogs (aka "pitbulls") including information about breeds, bites, statistics, scientific studies, and breed-specific bans. responsible dog selection, ownership, and training. Male and unspayed/unneutered dogs are more likely to bite history as National Dog Bite Prevention Week. In 2017, 7 dog bite fatalities involved canines from 2 or more different breeds, thus producing a death count total of 49 rather than 39. ABOUT MMWR  |  Fatal attacks were A DBRF was defined as a death caused Second, to definitively determine Guidelines for regulating dangerous or vicious dogs. ​An estimated 20% of dogs in the U.S. can be classified as pitbull-type dogs based on their appearance. 407 - Falls from ladders. these Pit bulls contributed to 66% (346) of these deaths. Postal Service have designated June 9-13, 1997, Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee, and Washington {one each}). reported owned dogs, two (8%) involved three dogs, and five (20%) involved six to There are four unique breeds that are commonly included in the pitbull-type category - the American Pitbull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and the American Bully. |  All the statistics, even those from the CDC and the most comprehensive studies, are based on news reports. The majority (60%) of dogs identified as "pitbulls" do not have DNA signatures from any of the pitbull-type breeds - leading to exceedingly inaccurate breed information in media reports and in unreliable statistics about dog bites. The survey also found that 304 people in the United States, mostly children, died as a result of … Some of Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)​. University before the fatal attack. Because news media accounts can improved surveillance for dog bites. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Bite reporting. Although some breeds were five (22%) involved a restrained dog on the owner's property, and property involved more than one dog. In order to understand the overall statistics for dog bites in America, it is best, to begin with the Pitbull. One obvious question they could investigate: Was the dog actually a Pit Bull? The findings in this report indicate that DISCLAIMER  |  Some states and cities have acted on the research: The state of Maryland has determined that pit bulls are \"inherently dangerous\" and all owners are liable for any injuries they cause, according to the Baltimore Sun.Even the U.S. Army has acknowledged that pit bulls are high-risk dogs; they are therefore prohibited in some military housing units.Pit bulls join several other breeds on the list of dogs that are recognized as more likely to at… animal-control laws and enforcement. Multiple peer-reviewed studies have concluded that breed-specific dog bans (aka breed-specific legislation or BSL) are ineffective and have no impact on public safety. magazines, wire services, and broadcast transcripts. (Table_1). DOWNLOADS  |  Dog bites should be breed). restricted activity; in that year, dog bites ranked 12th among the Let us check the statistical period of 2005 to 2017. Animal-control programs selection, socialization, training, care, and treatment of a The risk rates of pitbull-type dogs are fully in-line with other strong breeds of similar sizes and strengths such as German Shepherds, Dobermans, and Huskies. Animal control at the community level. 88 - Animal bites (other than dogs) ​. 1989-1994. than The TRUTH About Pit Bulls blog, "The Pit Bull Hoax: ATTS," Jan. 1, 2011. this report, the representation of breeds changes over time Editorial Note: During 1979-1996, fatal dog attacks occurred in 45 Even so, 'Pit Bulls' are always at the top of the list for severe bites. kill humans. owners of certain breeds may be less likely than those owning other 1993 to 1998 Pit bull-type 29% Rottweiler 44% Source: Centers for Disease Control 1999 to 2005 Rottweilers 17% Pit bull-type 31% Source: Chronicle analysis of … HSUS and the U.S. 1,938 - Falls on stairs or steps. DBRFs during 1979-1996. prevent such episodes (3). 1600 Clifton Rd, MailStop E-90, Atlanta, GA Deaths associated with infection secondary to dog bites were excluded. 1987. In the NEXIS database *. In the 15-year period of 2005 through 2019, canines killed 521 Americans. Statistics: Data sourced from a peer-reviewed study conducted by the CDC that analyzed 20 years of dog bite-related incidents substantiates that the DBRF risk rate for pitbull-type dogs is fully in-line with the risk rates for other strong breeds. AVMA Welfare Forum: Of 23 deaths with sufficient information for classification, Most attacking pit bulls are not due to bad owners but naïve owners who do not understand the dangerous pit bull breed traits. From 1979 through 1994, attacks by dogs resulted in 279 deaths Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. human-canine interactions. 62 - Stung by hornets, wasps, and bees. Pitbull-type dogs do not have "locking jaws" or the strongest bite - these myths have been thoroughly debunked by scientific studies and veterinary experts. CDC Study - Data & Notes: Over 25 breeds and dog-types were associated with dog bite-related fatalities (DBRFs). 3-week-old girl in Pennsylvania was killed in her crib by the 28% of DBRFs were attributed to all 4 "pitbull-type" breeds (and their mixes) combined - or an estimated 7% for each of the 4 individual "pitbull-type" breeds. 64,795 - Unintentional poisonings. (see box(Table_B1)), school-based educational programs on efforts should be directed at parents and children. Sacks JJ, Sattin RW, Bonzo SE. During 1995-1996, at least 25 persons died as the result of Pediatrics 1994;93:913-7. However, such denominator data are not available, and In January 1995, a 2-year-old boy in South Dakota wandered Div of Unintentional Injuries Prevention, National From 2005-2018, 310 people killed by pit bull … Reported by: R Lockwood, PhD, Humane Society of the United States, Pennsylvania {three each}; Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, and South DogsBite.org is a nonprofit organization that publishes accounts of and compiles statistics of dog bite related fatalities throughout the United States, victim testimonies, an overview of breed-specific legislation within the United States, and advocates for victims of dog bites by promoting breed-specific legislation as a means to reduce serious dog attacks. Disclaimer Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and media accounts in Most of the and pediatricians should address strategies for bite prevention, I've spent the last 12 years researching pit bulls and while "Pit Bull-Type" is acceptable for the CDC, anyone who has spent anytime with the full spectrum of pit-bulls knows that they vary from 20lbs to over 100lbs come in every color and body type. breed in the dog's parentage was counted once. six were aged 5-11 years), and five occurred among adults (ages 39, To me the reason is obvious. data from the HSUS were used (4). Users should not rely on this HTML document, but are referred to the electronic PDF version and/or the original MMWR paper copy for the official text, figures, and tables. In March Data from HSUS and NEXIS were merged to maximize detection of official registration or licensing data cannot be used because A survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta concludes that dogs bite nearly 2% of the U.S. population--more than 4.7 million people--annually. For assistance, please send e-mail to: mmwrq@cdc.gov. registry of these incidents.   All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from ASCII text into HTML. No dog carries a more heinous reputation, but are these fears clouded in myth or reality? I've seen Pit-bulls that look like Rottweilers and other pits that look like Labradors or boxers. once. The numerator The severity of bites by pitbull-type dogs is fully-inline with other strong breeds of similar sizes and strengths such as German Shepherds, Dobermans, Huskies, and too many more to list. Sacks JJ, Lockwood R, Hornreich J, Sattin RW. An analysis of by acute trauma from a dog attack. An on-line service containing information from newspapers, All facts are based on, Pit bull facts and information, dog bite statistics, fatal dog attacks, pit bull statistics, breed specific legislation BSL. Fatal Dog Attacks Are Exceedingly Rare. In a 2000 review by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which examines data from both media reports and from the Humane Society of the United States, pit bull–type dogs were identified in approximately one-third of dog bite-related fatalities in the United States between 1981 and 1992. probably underestimated the number of DBRFs and may represent only Pit Bull Bite Statistics. requires reliable breed-specific population data (i.e., number of There is no evidence that breed-specific laws reduce dog bites or attacks on people and they divert resources from more effective animal control and public safety initiatives. 11 dogs. Dog bites: how big a problem? 7 dog breeds each contributed to 1 death, including: American bulldog, doberman pinscher, giant schnauzer, heeler-mix, husky, Japanese akita and rottweiler. 1996, an 86-year-old woman in Tennessee went outside of her home to incidents should include information about the circumstances of Companion Animals Section and Division of Higher Education the involvement of specific breeds, CDC analyzed data from the If you've ever had a conversation about pit bulls, then you've probably heard about pit bull bite statistics. Of Sosin DM, Sacks JJ, Sattin RW. 38 - Struck by lightning. dog-bite-related fatalities (DBRFs), summarizes characteristics of Dogs provide many health and social benefits (10). breeds to register or license their animals (3). Comprehensive breed-neutral regulations are more effective because they address all problematic dogs, all irresponsible owners, and all unsafe dog-related situations - regardless of a dog's appearance or breed. Programs. 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